- Minister in the Presidency responsible for Electricity, Dr Kgosientsho Ramokgopa, has reaffirmed government’s commitment to finding solutions to end load shedding.
Briefing media on progress in the implementation of the Energy Action Plan in Pretoria yesterday, Ramokgopa reassured South Africans that, working with a team of competent engineers at Eskom and the leadership of the Board, significant strides are being made.
“I want to give you confidence that we are going to resolve this, it’s an engineering problem. I eat, breathe and sleep [finding]solutions to load shedding and I’m confident that with the team that is helping us, we will be able to resolve load shedding,” he said on Sunday.
“We will get out of load shedding and build a buffer and ensure that the South African economy is able to realise its potential,” Ramokgopa said.
Government had projected that in winter the country would hit the highs of 34 000 Megawatts, but it has not reached anything close to this. The Minister attributed this to a change in South Africans’ and industries’ attitude towards reducing their electricity demand.
Giving an update on the previous five-day average ending on 30 June 2023, Ramokgopa said the current available capacity was beginning to plateau at about 29 913 Megawatts, compared to 28 664 Megawatts of capacity which the country was sitting on from 26 June 2023.
“We are making significant improvements of about 1 300 Megawatts of improvement [and]what is encouraging for me is that we are beginning to maintain that,” Ramokgopa said.
He said South Africa was beginning to keep up with the demand and this had resulted in no load shedding for significant periods of the day.
Currently, Eskom’s week-on-week energy availability factor (EAF) figures to week 25, 2023 (25 June 2023) reports an EAF for 2023 calendar year to date is 53.66% compared to 59.44% for same period last year. EAF for the 2023 Eskom financial year to date is 54.44% compared to 59.80% for same period last year.
However, the Minister emphasised that there was a need to ensure that generation far exceeds demand. “In that way we would be able to pull a number of units through planned maintenance and we would be able to build a buffer, so that, as the South African economy continues to grow and recover, we would have sufficient generation capacity.”
The Minister said it was worth noting that in the midst of winter they were able to ramp up planned maintenance, which he said is “an illustration of a system that is recovering”.
Focus on partial load losses
Partial load losses was an area receiving attention, Ramokgopa said, adding that government was tapping into expertise outside of Eskom to go and work with General Managers at various stations.
“We are able to diagnose and determine the root causes of the failures from one unit to the other – what are the common failures that are responsible for the failing of that unit and/or responsible for the partial load losses? Then we know the biggest culprits on the units going out is boiler tubes, quality of the coal, us keeping to the emission parameters.
“We are very meticulous [and]deliberate. There’s is a degree of granularity on how we are beginning to understand the performance of these units and the kinds of skills and interventions that are required to help us to address this situation,” Ramokgopa said.
Transmission remains a vulnerable area
Meanwhile, the issue of transmission needs to be addressed.
The Minister said this remained a vulnerable area and required urgent attention as it undermines the ability to bring on board new generation capacity from renewable energies that give the best returns.
“If you have to do a wind atlas, the best areas for you to have wind is the coastal areas of the Western Cape and Eastern Cape. It is exhausted in the Northern Cape, it is about to be exhausted in the Western Cape [and]it is not sufficient in the Eastern Cape, to accommodate the amount of energy that we want to introduce,” he said.
He said Eskom is working on a transmission development plan, but the issue is around finance. Ramokgopa said this required an innovative plan.
Author: Bryan Groenendaal